The Gross-Rosen Concentration Camp!

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Concentration Camp




The original camp entrance at Gross-Rosen

The Nazis established Gross-Rosen on the 2 August 1940 in Lower Silesia, as a satellite camp of Sachsenhausen, in the vicinity of the granite quarry of Gross-Rosen. On 1 May 1941 Gross-Rosen became an independent concentration camp; it remained in operation until mid-February 1945, the camps commandants were as follows: 


  • SS-Obersturmbannfuhrer Arthur Rodl 1941 -1942

  • SS- Haupsturmfuhrer Wilhelm Gideon 1942

  • SS – Sturmbannfuhrer Johannes Hassebroek 1943 – 1944



Other notable members of the camp staff were as follows:



  • Dr.. Karl Babor

  • Peter Brandenburg

  • Karl Brauer

  • Herbert Dillmann

  • Dr.. FrieDr.ich Entress, who served at Mauthausen and Auschwitz

  • Walter Ernstberger

  • Georg Guessregen

  • Waldemar Henneberg

  • Dr.. Erwin Herzum

  • Dr.. FrieDr.ich Honig

  • Eugen Krunick

  • Albert Luetkemeyer

  • Karl Marg

  • Dr.. Josef Mengele who also served at Auschwitz-Birkenau

  • Dr.. Heinrich Rindfleisch

  • Fritz Ritterbusch

  • Dr.. Karl Schmidt

  • Kuno Schramm who also served at Dachau, Majdanek and Neuengamme

  • Wilhelm Stoetzler

  • Otto Stoppel

  • Rudolf-Heinrich Suttrop

  • Dr.. Heinz Thilo who also served at Auschwitz-Birkenau between 1942 -1944

  • Anton Thumann who also served at Dachau, Majdanek, Auschwitz and Neuengamme

  • Karl Ulbrich who also served at Buchenwald and Majdanek

  • Erich Woywoth who also served at Buchenwald



Karl Babor

Dr. Karl Babor Camp doctor was an expert with the phenol syringe, he took care to always administer slightly more than the lethal dose – “just to make sure.”


After the war he was interned by the Allies, but as one of the “small fry” who had done “nothing serious” he was released. He resumed his studies in Vienna and qualified as a doctor.


Former inmates of Gross-Rosen tracked him down and he fled to Africa.  At first, the camp prisoners were put to work in the quarry owned by the SS- Deutsche Erd –und Steinwerke GmbH (SS German Earth and Stone Works) and in the construction of the camp, which was speeded up in the summer of 1943.


This was followed by the building of a large number of sub-camps - the number of prisoners grew steadily from 1,487 in 1941 to 97,414 on the eve of the camp’s liquidation. A total of 125,000 prisoners of different nationalities passed through Gross-Rosen, the number of victims who perished in the camp and during the numerous evacuations is estimated at 40,000.


Jews represented the largest group among the victims in Gross-Rosen and their proportion in the camp population was considerable, particularly in late 1943 and early 1944. Beginning in late 1943, 57,000 Jews were brought there, including 26,000 women.


Read more here:


The Holocaust Education & Archive Research Team



Copyright 2009 Carmelo Lisciotto H.E.A.R.T


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