The first Nazi Concentration Camp - Dachau!

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The 1st Concentration Camp



View of the Dachau moat & fence

Dachau one of the first concentration camps established by the Nazis, was located in the small town of Dachau approximately 10 miles northwest of Munich.  The location at Dachau was selected by the Nazis because it was the site of an empty munitions factory from World War One, which was ideal for the establishment of a camp.


The opening of the camp, with a capacity for 5,000 prisoners was announced by Heinrich Himmler, Reichsfuhrer SS at a press conference held on 20 March 1933. The first group of so-called protective-custody, consisting mainly of Communists and Social Democrats was brought to the camp on 22 March 1933. They were guarded by Bavarian state police until the camp was taken over by the SS on 11 April 1933.


Theodor Eicke was appointed commandant and he was responsible for drawing up detailed regulations which covered all aspects of camp life, later on when Eicke was appointed Inspector General for all concentration camps these regulations were adopted, with local variations elsewhere.


With Dachau as his model, Eicke developed an institution that was intended, by its very existence, to spread fear among the population, an effective tool to silence every opponent of the Nazi regime 

[You can read more about Theodor Eicke  HERE]


The commandants at Dachau throughout its history were: 

  • Hilmar Wackerle       SS Standartenfuhrer

  • Theodor Eicke          SS Obergruppenfuhrer                                

  • Heinrich Deubel        SS Oberfuhrer

  • Alex Piorkowski       SS Obersturmbannfuhrer

  • Wilhelm Weiter        SS - Sturmbannfuhrer

  • Hans Loritz              SS - Oberfuhrer

  • Martin Weiss           SS – Obersturmbannfuhrer

The "Death Wall" where prisoners where shot at Dachau

Dachau became a useful training ground for the SS, at Dachau first learned to see those with different convictions as inferior and to deal with them accordingly, not hesitating to kill when the occasion arose, as the following will demonstrate:


On the 12 April 1933 in Dachau four Jews died as a result of deliberate sadism, an eyewitness account of their deaths was smuggled to Britain by a prisoner who was later released.


“A few days ago we were going out as usual to work. All of a sudden the Jewish prisoners – Goldmann, a merchant, Benario, a lawyer from Nuremberg, and the merchants Artur and Erwin Kahn – were ordered to fall out of ranks. Without even a word, some Stormtroop men shot at them.


They had not made any attempt to escape- all were killed on the spot all had bullet wounds in their foreheads. The four Jews were buried secretly, no one being allowed to be present.


Then a meeting was called, and a Stormtroop leader made a speech in which he told us that it was a good thing these four Jewish sows were dead. They had been hostile elements who had no right to live in Germany – they had received their due punishment.”

Read more here:

The Holocaust Education & Archive Research Team

Copyright Carmelo Lisciotto H.E.A.R.T 2009

" fight holocaustcontroversies, end denial and debunking, respect the memory of the Six Million"

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